Saturday, May 30, 2015
Friday, May 29, 2015
FLORENCE- cosimo II succeeded F in 1609. same time galileo discovered jupiter, + named it stelae medici; ferdinand II was a child when he succeed in 1621. he married vittoria della rover, heir to urbino; + tho her lands were claimed by the church, she had a rich dowry. F + his brother, cardinal leopold added to the art academies + science schools. cosimo III succeeded in 1670. was narrow minded bigot, whose marriage w/ gay young process of Louis XIV's court ended in separation. he died ion 1713, leaving 1 son, gian gaetone, whose mild character, aversion to death, + abolition of oppressive taxes made him popular. commerce, industry + agriculture flourished during this last medici. at his death in 1737 he left no male heirs. tuscany already assigned to francis, duke of lorraine as his duchy annexed by the french in 1753. an edict gave tuscany to the 2nd son of francis & the EMPRESS maria theresa; + 2 yrs later on death of his father, pietro leopold of austria arrived to take the FL throne. his short reign in new era of progress + reform. the inquisition was abolished, privileges set aside, + plays proposed for draining + colonizing the maremma. in 1790 leopold called to vienna to succeed his brother joseph II as emperor, + left his younger som ferdinand III, grand duke of tuscany.