Saturday, October 13, 2012
I’m told the tower tank in that photo is still standing. I may drive up there later today and try to find it. It’s only about 3 or 4 miles from our little shack. The frame is NOT included in this auction.
FRANCE...........10/1789 a versailled banquet for soldiers, w/ royalist songs, while ladies too + FOOD pissed off the HUNGRY 'patriots' of paris to madness. a vast crowd of mostly women, w/ national gaurd headed by an unwilling lafayette marched to versailles, insulted the assembly + swarmed the palace gates. when the king came back from hunting-his only pleasure-he spoke them fair; but a struggle + blood not educated yet,thought it was fit to be treated w/ absolute power. in the ferment disturbances, the royal veto in their eyes + the old regime restored. paris was getting hotter. famine reigned, distrust + irritation. it was seen the royal familywere surrounding themselves w/ loyal troops. rumers. plans for vengence, communications w/ foreign powers + emmigrantnobles. the king was cool + practical to the rights of the tennis court + limited. + LIMITED monarchy w/out an absolute veto. a single chamber to make laws 'the revolution from its social side attacked the aristocracy,' says la vallee ' from its political side it attacked the monarchy. a single body where the king's veto could be overturned. seemed best. the great problem w/the revolution tho was its simplicity 'purity. no checks or balances. all be conservative, logical. ambition, vices. prejudices were disregarded. the nation alone remained to public functionaries in the discharged. all frenchmen of their duties. venality or hereditary succession abolished. all frenchmen equal + common. no guildsor corporations + law not recognize religious office. the declaration of equality, put the monarch UNDER the people- not exactly subversive to the monarch, but 2 centuries of bourbon tradition; LXVI could not become a constitutional king. the assembly also formed the constitution according to the oath.
principles made, assembly worked on abolishing shit that was anti-liberty + rights of man!
"nobility, peerage, hereditary distinction, distinct orders of chivalry, corporatons etc, w/ required proof of nobility,or presupposed distinction of birth." were all declared to be swept away, such distinction" must be treated well. blah blah
1, all men are created equal; social distinctions conventional.
2, society is an association of MEN to preserve the natural rights of man.
3, sovereignty resides in the nation, all authority vested in individuals + come from the nation,
4, liberty is power of doing what we, so long as we do not injure another, the only limits is that all are secure.
5, the law can forbid only that which is MISCHIEVOUS to society.(citizens united!!!!) "quod lex non vetatper mittit"
6, law is the expression of general will, all citizen a a right to take part. EVEN THE STUPID.
7, accusation, arrest, detention, must follow the law.
8, the law must be reasonable + not retroactive force.
9, all are innocent till hey are convicted + treated well.
10, all men are free in their religious beliefs.
11 freedom of speech, of writing, + printing is most precious(not guns).
12 a public force being needed, but should be for all, not just the rich.
13 tax needed for army & govt EQUAL TO THEIR MEANS(PROGRESSIVE).
14 all citizens have a right to show that public contributions ARE NECESSARY.
15 society has a right to demand public account of a public servant.
16 a society w/ no assured rights, has no constitution of the general will; all citizens have a right to take part, thru their representative, in the making of laws. laws must be equal for all; all citizens have equal rights. to fill all offices in the state.
17 property being innate + sacred. can't be taken unless societyneeds + w/ be paid for.
its enemies could at once have accused it of haste + inconsequence, of passion + pure love of destruction, as a fact, the declaration of the rights of man rank, as madame de stael says, 'side by side w/ the english bill of rights + the american declaration' blah blah rights new to feudal french.
hunting lands 42-50 miles around paris-deers, eating farms connected w/ famine in paris. when this laid out to the king, they saw king against it + on a technical grounds he refused. then the assembly advanced the great declaration of the rights of man- a general statement of civil society.
the victim broken, has been braided into the wheel. maybe the rite wing would like to bring back the inquisition.
Friday, October 12, 2012
FRANCE..... akin to venders of quack medicines. still, these affectations were a phenomenon(MC snoop dog of Burgundy) of some importance in this period, as slowing, how the current feeling + opinion was towards the principles of rights, that love of mankind, + zeal for good works which is based on the equality of man, the rule of the brutal duke of bourbon + his mistress, the marquis de prie, came to an end in 1726, + then andre hercule fleury, bishop of frejus, the king's preceptor, took his place, the stateman fleury + church historian not the same. the historian LX's confessor, the statesman his tutor.
A F now 1st minister + cardinal, was an upriht + disintersted man. pope calls him-'honest fleury'.-all society + king trusted him. but he was a narrow + limited his home govt obscure + uneventful('peace + prosperity'?) no scandals, but attempted no reforms. against his will a mark on foreign politics. also 'hand to mouth'. no large view. arrested the war which austria + spain, supported by russia + prussia threatened against england + france. the congress of soissons in 1729. in north, new elements. pter the great in russia, + prussi gettingunited. poland in the middle. france allied w/ england(BFF's) got involved. 1733 augustus II was dying + nobles who had made secret pact in 1732, called S O S + re-elected stanislaus leczinski king. the russians wanted augustus III of sxony, + as austrian + russian nobles supported him, while france did zip but declare war on austria. FR defeated + stan, after roomantic adventures, fled to FR. war w/ austria began 1733. in 1734, district + departments, above all, at paris, a supreme court. trial by jury for criminals. national assembly for legislation, permanent-1 chamber bi-ennial elected. 715 divided by district. by opulation. next finances. FR almost bankrupt. loans not taken up. taxes fell sho(BUSH TAX CUT DEFICITS) patriotic contributions dry. tallyrand-perigord, bishop of autun, proposed the lands of the clergy to close the gap. the committee declared the clergy were not proprietors, but o FR. consolidated + centralized + swept away historic provinces. no more duchies + counties. pays d' etats + pays d' elecion, no local rights(STATES RIGHTS!). local parliaments swept off; split into 83 portions of similar size + named departments; then divided into districts + then cantons. + political councils blah36 + 5. blah active + passive citizenship. active-high tax + had vote, passive- no power. judicial system recast- 3 orders of tribunals- cantonal, + expected a counter revolution(tea-party). some thought by pushing the innovators on, they'd get earlier re-election. but it was their ruin + the king's death. the assembly no help from home. spurned, the english constitution, w was urged. too royal. at most a 'tabla rosa'. they were sincere + fearlessly pushed the principles. their 1st achievment to carry out the declaration of the rights of man. in territorial matters, rearranged the soil parties, the right + left hoped to secure a modified + constitutional monarchy + those who wanted a republic. others intent on framing the constitution. no precedent. no healthy institutions. the clergy powerless; the nobles were contemptuous + careless(stupid/greedy). arthur young specially notices their flippant treatment of the crisis. they couldn't believe the new order would last. imprisonment of the royal family at the tuileries. frightened the royalist gentry; a 2nd + more numerous emigration now. suspicion + distruat reigned; baited breath.