Saturday, September 29, 2012
you an' see, but the boy was wearing little botties. he had less fur on his toes, so sensitive feet.
FRANCE.....utterly defeated the world famous infantry, + killed their old general fuentes. the battle of rocroi(1643), destroyed spain. it was the 'bapteme de fey' of the child-king + secured mazarin. conde could rule the "importants. 2 new soldiers. the great conde + tarenne-the one all fire + dash + the other great tactician. one of the best of old noble fighter + the other the modern skillful one. in 1644 they drove Imperial general meray out at freiberg + became master of the middle rhineland; in 1645, pressing austrians back, they won the sanguinary 2nd battle of nordlingen: but weakened by the cadmean victory they had to go back to the rhine. in 1646 they went to the elector of bavaria, hoping to break him from austria, tarenne got possession of the upper danube valley, + threatened the elector maxmillian at munich. in 1647 signed a truce w/ france, + abandoned austria. blah blah broke truce, but crushed as zusmarshausen + german fight over. war still w/ france + spain; in italy, flanders, + catalonia, was alone decisive; battle of lens 8/1648 a crushing defeat of spain. for years almost peace. 1639 cologne blah blah emperor blah blah blah dutch + spain. 1648 end of 80 yrs blah osnabruck blah munster blah peace of westphalia. france got alsace. german power broken. swiss cantons strengthened. metz, verdun, toul bishoprics ceded to france + pinrolo, austria neutered. after westphalia, home- affairs-a movement against royalty over Europe. rulers losing power or overthrown. protestant winter king gustavus adolphus. switzerland. papacy down. urban VIII, stewarts in england + scandanavia. mazarin let the french nobles get stronger. people happy richelieu dead, but mazarin ust as greedy. more taxes. mazarin followed emeri, a harsh + cruel creature, also italian. civil war 1648. 'war of the fronde' or the sting(a nickname drawn from the boys in the city diches of paris, who played mimic fights w/ stings) was hollow + absurd. paul of gondi, cardinal de retz. immediate cause the parliament of paris dismissing emeri, then conde's victory at lens + mazarin used it. 4 parliament members arrested. broussel, "an old counsellor in his dotage, whom the mob loved for his rude manners + his fine head of white hair". + all paris in an uproar blah blah cardinal retz getsbroussel released + moment of calm. queen ma + mazarin alarmed, fled paris to ruel. parliament took control. revolution? de retz a born agitator + demagogue riled the mob. 1648 court + mazarin back, but mazarin escaped again in 1649 to st germains. blah blah duches of langueville, conde's sister blah blah prince of conti, conde's younger brother blah turenne "war of public weal". conde saved the court + siege of paris, weary public-peace of ruel 1649 blah matthew m- old frode + new fronde blah blah conde on both sides. petits maitres blah blah anne of austria ventured to arrest conde, conti + longueville, 1650, but duchess escaped, she carried turenne to the new fronde + allied w/ spain. 3 prisoners to havre, turenne's spaniards driven back. mazrin released the 3 + went to bruhl. de retz satisfied mazarin exiled. conde withdrew + revolt in guyenne blah blah tarenne blah mazarin back + king's 'majoriy'. struggle for paris. blah blah conde goes to spaniards. new fronde broken up. blah mazarin to sedan, but recalled. cardinal retz prisoner in vincennes.
"all this burlesque war", this "war of children"; w/ a child's nickname," michelet says of it, had been like the light scene mixed in a tragedy to relieve + heighten the effect of the catastrophe. it fills w/ light + merry between ichelieu + L XIV. spain still at war w/ france + nothing shows their weakness than the inability to take advantage. trobles w/ noblesse again. blah blah jansenius of utrect's party condemned by pope innocent X in 1653, found favor w/ french clergy, who didn't like jesuits. til the end of L XIV, the jansenists of paris are in oppostion to the court; they sympathyzes w/ de retz, but mazarin skilled + triumphed over them. cromwell in england. calm in england. had to ally w/ france or spain. spain still intollerant + catholic repression; france in mazarin's hands tolerated the huguenots + aided the german protestants. a treaty signed w/ cromwell in 1655. peace + commerce. later offence + defensive 6,000 british protestants led by turenne attacked spain + won. in 1658 turenne caught them at the dunes near dunkirk. dunkirk yielded, + was duly handed over to the english; spaniards swept away, cities fell; brussels threatened. 8/1658 lionne, mazarin's agent on occasion of an election to the holy roman empire,
concluded an agreement w/ the princes on the rhine + france ally to england, sweden, bavaria, ecclesiastic electors, + house of Brunswick. 1659 spain yeilded. peace of the pyrenees gave to france blah blah bla + spain ceded w/ she had in artois; tho the duke of lorainne was replaced at nancy, the ducky of bar, + small towns on the champagne border. in germany L XIV, secured julies to the duke of neuburg + the origin of the 30 yrs war finally settled. all french conquests in catalonia restored to spain, + france got ronsillou + conflans, conde pardoned. also marriage contract between L XIV + the infanta maria theresa of spain.