Saturday, July 14, 2012
heat duct grate. the antigo historical society used to be the canegie library, and retained much.
FRANCE......LXI saw the interview at treves w/ emperor frederick III, where dukes plans foiled by german suspicions + LXI's intrigues, long siege of neusz. hostility of edward IV, who had been marching to paris. chuck embarked on a swiss enterprise; subjugation of lorraine + capture of nanci (1475). battle of granson. defeat of mosat(?) 1476. final struggle of nanci + duke's death on the field 1, 1477.
while duke charles had been running on his fate, LXI had attacked the big nobles of france + had reduced them to submission, or destryed them. by the time of the fall of the house of burgubdy, scarcely one great prince was left who could be formidable; even the duke of brittney. he king had a free hand to profit + the weakness of his heiress, the young duchess mary. uke charles had no male heir, so the king renamed the duchy, as a male fief of the kingdom; he also took frnache comte; the kings armies recovered all picardy, + even entered flanders. then mary of burgundy, hoping to raise up a barrier against LXI offered her hand + lands to young maximillian of austria, + married him w/in 6 months of dad;s death. to this weddingis due the rise of the greatness of the house of austria.
after a short hesitation, LXI determined to continue his fight w/ burgundy power. he secured franche comte, + on his northern frontier, took arras, the 'bonny carlisle' of those days; advancing to relieve theronenne, then besieged by maximillian, fought + lost battle of guinegate 1479. war languid. truce 1480. time of quiet. misconduct by french calvary, w/ had lost guinehate followed by the abolition of the free-archer army. the cities ordered to provide it. in place of men + the time of mercenary armies begins. in 1480 death of poet-king rene, anjou + provence fell to the crown. margaret of anjou, rene's daughter + heiress, ceded them to LXI in return for help, + in the end of 1482 the 3rd peace of arras closed awhile the rivalry between FR + burgubdy . charles the daupin engaged to margaret, maximillian's daughter + her dower, she was to bring frnache comte + sundry places in border dispute. in these last days LXI shut himself up in gloomy seclusion in his castle plessis near toyes + there he died in 14 83.
a great king + a terrible king, he left an indelible mark on history. absolute monarchy w/ little regard for country's welfare(GEORGEE!) he had crushed feudalism, substituting aristocracy for anarchy, centralize. high taxes(georgee just spent) + enabled them to bear it. employed men of middle condition + cared for commerce + industry., treated towns fairly well, travelled the rhelm, acted judiciously. rise of FR official spirit.
intelligence + vigor in his numerous ordinances. his despotism was not was not unenlightened or selfish. tho not learned, he favored universities + set up a printing press at sorbonne.
i actually knew THREE people from his 1913 photo. i never met my great-grandpa, al, back row on he left, but i did know the 2 on the right back, great uncle bob + his wife minnie. i knew great-uncle george til m 30's. how often do people have aunts or uncles into their 80's? oh, well, the duggers + quivers + mormons i suppose.
and those awnings are ugly.
Friday, July 13, 2012
FR ANCE.....at duke phil's death new league against LXI. the king of england, ed VI, duke of burgundy, + brittney + kings of aragon + castile. LXI fought back. 1468 convoked the states-generals at tours. the 3 estates asked to give opinion as to the power of the crown to alienate normandy, the step insisted by duke of burgundy forbid the crown to dismember france. thus fortified, LXI began to break the coalition. made terms w/ duke of bourbon + house of anjou; his brother charles was a cipher(as in nothing? or tool?), the king of eng paralysed by warwick; he attacked + reduced brittney; burgundy, most formidable, remained a force war or negotiation? his court divided. king decided negotiation, + tried friendship. he miscalculated both his own 'charm' + his opponents temper. the interview of peronne followed. chuck held LXI prisoner + compelled LXI to sign treaty of peace, on basis of conflans + not sufficient humiliation. chuck made LXI go on his expedition to punish the men of liege, who trusting the help of LXI, had revolted(14 69) + let LXI go to paris. an assembly of nobled declared treaty of peronne dead + king made small frontier war + ended in truce of amiens 1471. truce spent preparing for fresh struggle. but stalled til the death of charles., now duke of guienne, in 1472. chuck the bold broke truce + made war, marching into northern france, sacking + raping til beauvais. there the despair of the citizens + bravery of the women saced it. chuck raised the siege, + marched to rouen, hoping to meet the duke of britney, but that duke's hands full. LXI had overan his lands + reduced him to terms. the duke of burgubdy saw that the coalition failed. made fresh truce w/ LXI 1472. chuck the bold turned east.