Saturday, May 23, 2015
FLORENCE- the death of gian galeazzo in 1402 ended the war. in 1406 the fl's gained possession of their ancient rival pisa after a long + cruel siege; the fall of pisa sent an end the guideline power or feudal party(zombie reagan?) in tuscany. in 1414 pope john XXIII was deposed + came to florence. monument by donatello. the wealth of the city increasing, manufacture of silk + wool: giovanni de' medici was chosen gonfalonier in 1426, but the popularity of this family had begun to excite the apprehension of all true patriots. when giovanni introduced the "catasta" or inquiry into the possessions of every citizen, w/ a view of TAXING accordingly('class warfare" NONE WOULD COMPETE W/ MEDICI + they saw in the catasta another way to enrich the medici. at giovanni's death, his popularity fell on his son cosimo, who lived to be called the father of his country. his decedents- lorenzo the magnificent, pope leo X + clement VII, catherine de medici, queen of henry II of france + alexander- 1st duke of florence. from giovanni's younger son lorenzo, he begat grand-dukes cosimo to gian gaetone cosimo de medici + rinaldo dei albizzi. the 2 great families that aspired to rule FL. the lbizzi gained power for a short time + cosimo exiled. before a year, he was called back + albizzi banished. in 1441 council by pope eugenics IV to settle greek + latin claims + introduced classical study of greek authors. neri capponi ventured to oppose the medici, cosimo the richest, buut neri the wisest; but the death of capponi in 1457 left cos m w/ out rival. the death of cosmos's fav son giovanni in 1463 cast gloom over the last months of his life, fir his surviving son , pietro was a man enfeebled by disease. at the death of pietro in 1469, his young son lorenzo relates how the principle men of FL came to their house to console them for their loss, + encourage him to lead them. in 1470 cosimo created syndic. in 1472 volt era added to FL dominions. bad siege + sack. the crime bothered c til death. in the pazzi conspiracy of 1478. lot narrowly escaped, while brother giovanni was murdered before the altar of the cathedral. the conspirators put to death barbarously + Lor's popularity grew. surrended by the intelligence. his personal charms + manners, lot revived FL's culture. the appearance of girolamo savonarolo, or the "crate" awoke new spirit. his denunciation of immorality + of books + works of non religious art(pat robertson). l died in 1492. confessed to jesse frate. crate would not absolve lot unless he restored FL's freedom + lorenzo died unshriven. before the medici- FL art was andrea oregano(fra an giotta), laddeo castagno, donatello + desiderio di settignano. art of printing, ghiberti, brunelleschi, maso finiguerra, who's work led to copperplate engraving. in the 15th c, bernardo cennini introduced printing. filippina lippi, far bar bartolommeo + mario albertinelli, baccio d'agnolo, bald vignette, sando bottocelli, the ghirlandai, the peselli, bonedetto da rovezzau + leonardo da vinci + michaelangelo + rafael who painted there. and literature. bcoacchio, macchiavelli + others.
lorenzo's eldest, piero succeeded him. his 2nd son, giovanni, a cardinal became pope leo X + his youngest guiliano, duke of nemours, perhaps the only virtuous one died young.
Friday, May 22, 2015
estate sale tour
i forgot this from the posh wahl sale. i almost got it, ut since i did not know WHAT it was + not that old, i left it. maybe i should have offered $5.